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Working At Elevated Heights

Choosing The Right Ladder For The Job


Grainger Editorial Staff

Ladders are such an everyday tool that many workers take them for granted. When purchasing a new one, it's important to ask yourself a few questions first to make sure you are selecting the right ladder for the job. Here are a few tips that can help:

Step 1 – Select the Proper Ladder Style

There are many different types of ladders so the first step is choosing the right style for the job. Various ladders types are designed to keep you safe and productive when climbing or standing. Using the wrong kind or simply ignoring the limitations of climbing equipment can result in a fall or serious injury. Many users only know of basic step and extension ladders. However, Grainger offers specialty type ladders including platform, twin step, telescoping multi-ladder, tripod, scaffolding and other models. Be sure to peruse our entire inventory to find the perfect one for you.

Step 2 – Select the Proper Height

To ensure you choose the ladder best suited to your needs, follow the Werner height safety chart shown below. Extension ladders should be 7 to 10 feet longer than the highest support or contact point, which may be the wall or roof line. This will allow enough length for proper setup, overlap of ladder sections, height restrictions of the highest standing level, and where appropriate, the extension of the ladder above the roof line. The highest standing level is four rungs down from the top.

The highest permitted standing level on a stepladder is two steps down from the top. A person standing higher may lose their balance and fall. A person's maximum safe reaching height is approximately 4 feet higher than the height of the ladder. For example, a typical person can safely reach 8 feet on a 4 feet ladder.

Step 3 – Select Performance (Duty Rating)

Ladders are designed to safely hold up a specific amount of weight. Most ladders come in five different Duty Ratings identified by their grade and type. The Duty Rating is defined as the maximum safe load capacity of the ladder. A person fully clothed weight plus the weight of any tools and materials that are carried onto the ladder must be less than the duty rating.

Ladders are also built to handle the demands of various applications. For example, a ladder used frequently on a construction site by rugged workers should typically be stronger and have a corresponding higher Duty Rating than a ladder used by a lighter person for light chores around the home. Workers should be advised to consider both the weight which will be on the ladder and the work application and to select the proper grade of ladder which is designed to handle anticipated usage.

The terminology of Ladder Grades, Duty Ratings, and Types may initially be confusing. Remember that the Duty Rating is the maximum safe load capacity of the ladder. Hence, Duty Ratings are described in terms of pounds, such as a 300 lb. Duty-Rated Type IA ladder which is designed for extra heavy duty professional use where the total weight on the ladder does not exceed 300 pounds.

Step 4 – Select the Right Material

The final step in selecting the right ladder is the choice of the proper material. Grainger offers ladders made from fiberglass and aluminum. Each material has characteristics which make it best for certain applications or one material may simply fit the personal preferences of the user. For example, potential contact with electrical wires, or a hostile environment such as exposure to certain chemicals or outdoor storage, should have a major impact on the material selection.

Source: Werner Co.

Related Links:

www.osha.gov/Publications/portable_ladder_qc.html

The information contained in this article is intended for general information purposes only and is based on information available as of the initial date of publication. No representation is made that the information or references are complete or remain current. This article is not a substitute for review of current applicable government regulations, industry standards, or other standards specific to your business and/or activities and should not be construed as legal advice or opinion. Readers with specific questions should refer to the applicable standards or consult with an attorney.

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